Health Risks and Dangers of Sunburn

Health Risks and Dangers of Sunburn

Posted By Georgia Accident Rehab Centers || 25-Jun-2014

When the sun’s out your mood improves and you want to spend as much time as possible outdoors. But be careful not to over-expose your skin to the sun. When you get too much sun, you get sunburn. And sunburn causes many health problems – long-term and short-term, cosmetic and serious. Read on to discover more about the nature of sunburn and the particular risks associated with over-exposure to the sun’s UV rays.

  • Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun causes sunburn.
  • There are two types of UV light – UVA and UVB rays. Both these rays cause problems for your skin but UVB rays tend to have a more dramatic effect.
  • Skin damage from sunburn occurs before you see any redness or feel any pain. It can be difficult to know when you are damaging your skin so the important thing to remember is not to spend too long in the sun without protection – even if you feel and look fine.
  • Sunburn results in red, painful, tender and hot skin that may peel or become blistered – the effects of sunburn last up to a week. In order to recover from sunburn, stay out of the sun, cool the area with a wet cloth, apply after-sun cooling gel or spray, and make sure you keep broken skin clean and dry.
  • The health risks of sunburn include premature skin aging, skin cancer, infection, and eye damage.
  • If you have five or more sunburns in your childhood or adolescence you are twice as likely to suffer from skin cancer when older.
  • Sunburn and repeated sun exposure without burning causes your skin to age prematurely. Signs of premature aging include wrinkles, lines, sagging skin, sun spots, dry and rough skin, and areas of discoloration.
  • Sunburned skin may become infected when bacteria enter through cracks or blisters in the skin. Signs of infection include swelling, redness, pain, and overall sickness – see a doctor if you develop signs of infection.
  • Sunburn may also damage your eyes. Exposure to UV rays causes lens clouding, vision problems, and eye pain.

It is important to prevent sunburn because once sunburn occurs, the damage has already been done and it cannot be reversed. Stay out of the strong sun in the middle of the day, be careful with sunscreen, and wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.

Categories: Sunburn, Health & Wellness
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